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Phang Nga Province - History

Acient record reveal that before the establishment of the Chakri Dynasty, Phang-nga was adistrict under Thakua-pa. During the region of Rama I of the Chakri Dynasty, Phang-nga was given equal status with Thakua-pa and Thakua-thung. And all three were removed from the former Thai Ministry of Foreign Affairs and were put under the Ministry of Defense.

The best evidence indicates the Phang-nga was officially established in 1809 during the reign of Rama II, When one of the periodic wars with Burma was raging Padung Kasatri, the Burmese king then, appointed Ah Therng Woon to lead an invasion on the southern town of Thailand. Burmas ship-borne army attacked Thakua-pa, Thakua-thung, and Thalang, and carried off the populations to their fort. The town of Thalang was razed to the ground. Rama II appointed his younger brother, Prince Saynanurak Kromphraratchavangbovon, to lead an army down from Bangkok to drive away the invaders.

During the war some of the local people took refuge at Kra Phu-nga (Malay for mount of Phu-nga river), which was surrounded by mountains. After the war Prince Saynanurak saw that Thalang had been too badly damaged to build a new town, so he decided to move the people of Thalang to Kra Phu-nga and registered the new town to be under the administration of the government in Nakhorn Sri Thammarat. There is still a village in what is today Thakua-thung district called Thalang, founded by those immigrants from Thalang in Phuket.

During the reign of Rama III, the central government thought to strengthen the southwest coastal towns that were prey to Burmese attacks by appointing a governor for each town, each governor reporting directly to Bangkok. Phraya Borrirak Phuthorn (Saen Na Nakhorn) became the first governor of Phang-nga in 1840. Later on, in the same year Thakua-thung was reduced in status and became merely a district of Phang-nga.

Phang-ngas Provincial Hall was first built on site at Baan Chai Khai. In 1930 a larger one was built at Baan Thai Chang. The Present Provincial Hall in front of Phoong Chang Cave was built in 1972.

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